Since 2010, Davi has served as a Hearing Officer and an Administrative Law Judge in New York State’s Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance. In this role, Davi hears the appeals of those who are initially denied eligibility for New York’s public assistance programs and then makes recommendations to his superiors on whether or not applicants should be granted welfare assistance. Davi was considered an exemplary employee.
Demoted for Political Speech
In October of 2015, Davi engaged in an argument on Facebook about the merits and success of social welfare programs. In response to an article that praised certain programs, Davi argued that the article used the “wrong metric” in determining success. According to Davi, any welfare program should be judged by measuring “how many people or families they get back on their feet.” In order to achieve this end, Davi suggested that there be a social safety net “of limited duration and designed to get people back to self-sufficiency.”
Someone saw the Facebook argument and made an anonymous complaint to Davi’s employer, the Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance. After receiving the complaint and reviewing Davi’s remarks, the state suspended him without pay, alleging that Davi engaged in misconduct that prevented him being able to provide a fair hearing to the cases brought before him. This despite the fact that Davi’s conversation occurred on a private Facebook page, that he discussed no specific welfare program or applicant, and no applicant ever alleged unfairness or requested a rehearing of Davi’s rulings.
Davi was charged with seven counts of professional misconduct, all of which were related to his Facebook comments. At his arbitration hearing, the arbitrator refused to consider any First Amendment defense and upheld four of the seven charges against Davi on the grounds that Davi’s Facebook comments destroyed his credibility and revealed a prejudice against the applicants who came before him.
The charges were asserted and upheld without offering any evidence that Davi acted with prejudice while performing his duties. In the thousands of cases Davi heard, he was never once accused of acting with bias. In fact, in 95% of his cases, Davi recommended the applicant be approved to receive aid from the state.
Yet despite Davis exemplary record, the charges were upheld and he was demoted. The message was clear: those with the wrong political opinions cannot be trusted to work in the New York Civil Service.
CIR Files Suit
CIR represented Davi in a state court proceeding to have the arbitration finding vacated. Among other things, CIR argues that the arbitration award violated public policy because Davi’s speech was protected by New York Civil Service Law § 107(1), which provides that no “removal from [a civil service] office or employment . . . shall be in any manner affected or influenced by” a civil service employee’s “political opinion.”
CIR has also filed a Federal case arguing that Davi’s employers discriminated against him on the basis of his political views in violation of the First Amendment. Davi did not sacrifice his right to free speech when he began working for the state of New York. His Facebook postings are constitutionally protected political speech. To hold otherwise would be to contend that the state of New York is allowed to discriminate based on political beliefs when considering hiring, retention, and promotion of public servants – the type of discrimination that the First Amendment clearly forbids.
Updates on this case
Second Circuit Remands Salvatore Davi's Case to District Court for Further Proceedings
On March 24, 2023, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals remanded Davi v. Hein to the district court…
Davi's Speech Case Before Second Circuit
On September 16, 2022, CIR argued the workplace free speech case, Davi v. Hein, before the U.S. Court of Appeals for…
Eugene Volokh Files Amicus Brief for Davi
UCLA professor Eugene Volokh, along with the Cato Institute and the Institute for Free Speech, filed an amicus brief supporting…
CIR Replies to Government Appeal in Sal Davi's Free Speech Case
On October 1, CIR filed a reply brief on behalf of Salvatore Davi before the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. In 2016,…
Victory in Sal Davi's Free Speech Case
On March 3, U.S. District Judge Edward R. Korman ruled that the New York Office of Temporary and Disability Assistance (OTDA) violated Sal Davi’s right to free speech when...
CIR Files for Summary Judgment in Free Speech Case
On July 11, CIR filed a motion for partial summary judgment on behalf of New York civil servant Salvatore Davi. …
New York Officials Silence Public Employees
The age of online shaming and political correctness isn’t going away. Many people have been “de-platformed” from social media…
CIR Defends Public Servant Demoted for Political Views
On September 13th, CIR filed suit against the state of New York on behalf of New York civil servant Salvatore…